Entities part of the Coalition :
Pilot committee :
PPMC (Paris Process on Mobility and Climate)
Isolated measures to reduce GHG emissions in urban transport …
Individual urban transportation measures have an impact on GHG emissions. The introduction of the rapid bus transit service in Bogotá (TransMilenio) is helping to reduce emissions in the city by almost 600,000 tCO2eq per year.
Other measures such as the replacement of bus fleets also have a positive impact on GHG emissions. In fact, RATP’s commitment to replace its fleet with zero-emission buses by 2025 will contribute to a reduction in emissions estimated at 220,000 tCO2eq per year.
…towards an integral approach to urban mobility through transport planning
Because they take into account the issue of mobility and more generally that of urban planning, these measures have a multiplier effect on the reduction of GHG emissions if they are coordinated as a whole with other measures and integrated into a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP). Sustainable urban mobility planning helps to reduce the negative consequences of urban transport in terms of air pollution and congestion, improves road safety, promotes the spread of urban transport and benefits city finances. Transport planning enables the resilience of cities and promotes the protection of biodiversity through the expansion of green networks in urban areas. SUMPs are a sustainable and comprehensive approach to mobility planning. They take into account all means of transport for passengers and goods and encourage urban transport policies that promote public transport, active modes and sustainable freight transport. Sustainable urban transport planning measures are already being implemented in developing countries: India is promoting the
implementation of Comprehensive Mobility Plans and, in Brazil, the federal government makes the payment of subsidies to municipal transport projects conditional on the adoption of SUMPs in cities with more than 20 000 inhabitants. The Indonesian government is currently developing a program to implement urban transportation planning measures to promote public and active transportation in various medium-sized cities in the country. This program will lead to a reduction in GHG emissions directly generated by urban transport between 7.2 and 14.1 MteqCO2 between 2015 and 2030 in the selected cities.
Europe has been actively encouraging the implementation of SUMP in European cities for several years. The European Commission estimates that the implementation of a comprehensive set of measures resulting from a SUMP in a given city has a substantial effect on GHG emissions, since it would make it possible to achieve a reduction in CO2 emissions of between 35% and 70% in 2040, under normal conditions for the cities under study (Barcelona, Malmö, Freiburg and Sofia).
Other SUMP implementation projects are under development, such as in Tunisia, Morocco and Senegal, which aim to improve mobility and reduce CO2 emissions.
Recommandations and commitments
We, as local representatives, want to create the momentum to meet the global challenges of urban mobility. We take responsibility for this in our territories and want to build on sustainable measures to improve the quality of life in our cities. It is why coherent urban mobility policies, taking into account all modalities of travel for people and goods favouring intermodality, must serve as a basis not only for reducing emissions but also for ensuring wide access, improving air quality and road safety, and promoting economic prosperity in our regions.
In this context, we commit to:
1. Initiate before 2020 and implement in a participative way, a Sustainable Mobility Plan on the scale of our territories (municipality, metropolis, region) with a clear objective of reducing CO2 emissions which must be achieved within 10 years.
(cf. « MobiliseYourCity » initiative).
2. Regulate the use of low-occupancy private vehicles and encourage the renewal of cleaner vehicle fleets, in particular by setting up low-emission zones and promoting mutualized calls for tenders (cf: UEMI, GFEI, ZEV alliance).
3. Contribute to increasing the modal shift to public transport and active modes as well as reducing CO2 emissions from public transport by increasing capacity through public procurement (see UITP initiative and Declaration C40).
4. Promote active means of transport, in particular walking and cycling, in particular by providing better safety conditions for users (cf. ECF initiative).
We consider that we can reduce emissions from public transport by 30% to 50% by 2030 and 50% to 75% by 2050 depending on the country, and thus contribute to a longer-term limitation objective through the implementation and successive revisions of SUMPs in our territories. We call on our national governments to support our efforts through a National Urban Transport Policy. This should include a legal framework for SUMPs and establish transparent financing schemes for urban transport.
We know that all these efforts to reduce GHG emissions in public transport would be in vain if actions are not adopted in other transport sub-sectors such as interurban, rural, river, maritime and air transport. We call for
Therefore, strong cooperation and commitment from the public and private sector in this regard.
Proposed Amendments to the UNFCCC Negotiations
In view of Mexico’s « Nationally Determined Desired Contribution » (NDC), which mentions a 21% reduction in the transport sector by 2030, we strongly encourage national governments to do the same and to include specific actions related to the transport sector in their NDC.
We affirm that for non-Annex 1 countries, the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) developed by the UNFCCC are an adequate tool for promoting and articulating sustainable urban mobility at the local and national levels.
We request the support of the Green Fund for the development and implementation of NAMAs to contribute to the development of SUMPs.
We call on the CTCN and the Technology Mechanism of the UNFCCC to pay particular attention to technologies that will enable and promote the implementation of SUMPs.
We support the UN call for the implementation of a carbon tax and, reaffirming the polluter pays principle in the transport sector, we call for a carbon price that will transform mobility in our cities.