Thomas van Laake • Sustainable Mobility Coordinator at Despacio • Camila Lozano • Project Advisor at Despacio • Antoine Gillod • Research Officer, Climate Chance Observatory
- The development of Colombia’s transport sector
- Connectivity and road safety as a prerequisite for a climate efficient
- Challenges and opportunities for sustainable urban mobility
- Colombia’s transport emissions represent 35% of total energy related emissions and have increased steadily by 2% yearly.
- Colombia is a highly urbanized country (77.1%) that is experiencing rapid motorization – vehicle fleets grew by 237% between 2008 and 2019.
- Colombia’s mountainous geography continues to be a major obstacle to interregional connectivity, despite significant investment in highway infrastructure.
- Urban public transport systems remain the main mode for travel in dense urban areas, despite poor quality services and declining passenger numbers, with users often changing to use of motorcycles.
- With no interregional passenger rail networks, aviation has been the fastest-growing activity in the transport sector, improved airport infrastructure and relative cost decline from low-cost carriers’ competition.
- Promotion of cycling as urban transport has been successful in Bogotá, with modal share now equalling use of private cars.