Assessing the effectiveness of Climate Resilience Grants to Local Governments in Least Developed Countries
"Building resilience to increasingly intense climate change impacts requires effective, urgent adaptation action at the local level. While much progress has been made within the international and national arenas, efforts to successfully implement adaptation at the subnational level remains uneven."
Effectively addressing climate change requires paying attention to the local level. The Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility (LoCAL) mechanism of the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) provides performance-based climate resilience grants to local authorities in Least Developed Countries to finance adaptation interventions.
UNCDF’s system includes an Annual Performance Assessment designed to ensure accountability, sound local-level public administration and good governance as well as demonstrate adaptation mainstreaming. UNCDF felt this assessment could be strengthened to better assess adaptation effectiveness.
To strengthen LoCAL, World Resources Institute (WRI) created the Assessing Climate Change Adaptation Framework (ACCAF). While designing the ACCAF, WRI identified three major challenges: incorporating good practice in adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) into the existing performance-based climate resilience grant system; addressing measurement issues inherent in mainstreamed adaptation; and balancing country-specific and portfolio-wide adaptation M&E needs. This paper explains these challenges and the solutions proposed to address them.
While the ACCAF is specific to LoCAL, the experience gained through its development can be applied to adaptation M&E more broadly. This paper outlines insights and lessons learned from designing the ACCAF that are relevant to a global audience. Donors, practitioners and local authorities can use these lessons to inform future programming.