This report provides the first progress assessment of climate actions launched at the 2014 UN Climate Summit in New York. It considers the distribution and performance of climate actions along multiple dimensions that are relevant to both mitigation and adaptation. While it is too early for a conclusive assessment of the effectiveness of climate actions, this study makes a first and indispensable step toward such an assessment. Initial findings are encouraging. One year after their launch, most climate actions have performed well in terms of producing outputs, putting them on track to implementing their commitments in the coming years.
The research for this project is underpinned by the Global Aggregator for Climate Actions (GAFCA), a database developed between January and September 2015 by a research team at the German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). GAFCA includes data on organizational characteristics, geography of implementation and output performance of climate actions. It creates the foundation for a long-term systematic examination of climate actions that can inform more effective efforts to strengthen such actions.
The analysis is focused on three broad questions:
- Have organizers of the 2014 UN Climate Summit engaged a wide range of non-state and subnational actions that set targets relevant to both mitigation and adaptation?
- Do climate actions align with the interests of both developing and developed countries, and do they achieve an appropriate balance in implementation in the global North and South?
- Have climate actions started to deliver on their commitments one year since they were launched at the 2014 UN Climate Summit? (Output performance)
Sander Chan, Robert Falkner, Harro van Asselt and Matthew Goldberg