Case
studies
Sectoral Case Study
Energy

Ghana – Growth, electrification and emissions: a fine balancing act

With an average growth of 5% since 2013, Ghana has one of the most dynamic economies on the planet. The Ghanaian rate of electrification is one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa and the country became an export[...]

2019
Sector profile
Transport

Air transport: efforts are still in the state of experimentation

This paper presents air transport's two major characteristics: a strong growth in emissions that the technological and organisational progress is currently unable to contain and secondly, the fact that international air tr[...]

2018
Sector profile
Transport

New initiatives in international maritime transport

Rapidly evolving over the past decade, international maritime transport contributes significantly to global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, exceeding those of the civil aviation sector.

2018
Sector profile
Energy

Carbon capture and sequestration: a solution that is struggling to materialise

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) prevents the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by recovering carbon dioxide at the emitting facilities and then storing it or using it, possibly after tran[...]

2018
Sector profile
Energy

Fugitive emissions: a blind spot in the fight against climate change

The category of fugitive emissions covers a vast number of poorly controlled emissions: accidental, diffuse or unproductive. Fugitive emissions represent a significant proportion of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissio[...]

2018
Sector profile
Transport

Greenhouse gas emissions: a decisive asset for rail?

Globally, rail is a mode of transport that does not emit much in the way of greenhouse gases. This paper demonstrates how the rail sector seems to be a relatively low GHG emitter but that the reality is still quite different....

2018
Country profile
Transport

India – Policies for low carbon pathway and the role of non-state actors

An efficient transport system is crucial for India as it witnesses rising demand for transport services and related infrastructure.

2018
Country profile
LULUCF

Ivory Coast – Winning back its forests

In the country’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted in preparation for the COP 21 in 2015, Côte d’Ivoire signaled its intention to reduce gross GHG emissions by 28% by 2030 compared to 2012 levels.

2018
Country profile
Energy

Portugal – A blazing energy transition hampered by the resilience of coal

Portugal, a country that is home to 10 million people, has become one of the European champions of renewable energies for electricity production, thanks to the growth of onshore wind, hydro-electricity, biom[...]

2018
Country profile
Energy

The United States: -Towards a bottom-up climate leadership?

The American power sector reveals the importance of non-state actors. We will conduct a three-part analysis of the recent evolution of CO2 emissions in the United States’ electrical sector and the role of different non-state ac[...]

2018
Country profile
LULUCF

France – The indispensable role of biomass and soils, concrete actions still being discussed

In 2016, in metropolitan France, the land sector was used to offset 9% of the emissions of other sectors. The goal is to reach 100% or more by 2050, both by reducing emissions and increasi[...]

2018
Country profile
Building

Canada – The energy intensity of the residential sector becomes more efficient

Canada is located in latitudes where climate change is particularly felt, however in 2016, its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the residential sector decreased despite an increase in energy consumption.

2018
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